Renewable energy production in India has been very successful over the past years. India was the first country globally to set up a ministry that deals with non-conventional energy resources. Its cumulative Grid Tied Renewable Energy Capacity and Grid interactive capacity has grown from early 1980s to a capacity of 29. 9GW. 68. 9 percent comes from wind.

Renewable energy production sources in India

There are different renewable energy sources in India. They include

Wind power: in 1990s, India begun the development of wind power. Wind power production in the country has increased significantly. This makes India the 5 th country globally to produce and utilize wind power capacity.

With 20149. 50 MW wind power capacity being utilized in India, Tamil Nadu and Mahastra as some of the cities that use the largest amount of wind power. Other cities that utilize wind power include

  • Gujarat
  • Karnataka
  • Rajashtan
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Andra Pradesh
  • West Bengal В and
  • Kerala

It is estimated that additional renewable energy production in India in form of wind power was installed by the year 2012. Therefore, wind power alone generates up to 1. 6 percent of the countrys energy. Indian Government also set up a target of 18. 5 GW of renewable energy sources to boost wind energy.

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Solar Power: renewable energy production in India also includes solar energy production. High solar insolation in the country has been proven highly ideal because India doesnt have an electrical grid. Solar power has been used efficiently as one of the first applications for water pumping in India. This replaced up to 5 million, diesel powered systems in the country. Each water pump consumes 3. 5 kilowatts. Today, large projects have been proposed in India including solar power projects in Thar Dessert. The project is expected to produce up to 2, 100 gigawatts.

Indian Solar Loan Programme was launched in 2003. This is one of the renewable energy production projects that have been quite successful. It is a four year partnership program between UNEP Risoe Centre, UNEP, Syndicate Bank and the Canara Bank. These are the largest banks in the country.

Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission was also launched in 2009. The mission was set up under the National Action Plan on Climate Change. The government aimed at generating up to 1, 000 MW of power and 20, 000 MW, solar power. India also aimed at achieving grid parity through the mission by the year 2020. If it achieves this goal, India will emerge as a global leader in renewable solar power generation.

Waste to energy: renewable energy production in India also includes waste to energy production. India collects up to 38 billion liters of sewage and 55 million tons of municipal solid waste in urban areas. Different industries in the country also produce solid and liquid waste used in production of energy.
With many people migrating to urban areas, more waste will be collected in the coming years. This means increased production of renewable energy in India. Per capita rate of renewable energy production in India will also increase.

Benefits of renewable energy production in India

  • Renewable energy production in India has led to flourishing energy sector
  • Enhanced the quality of life
  • Created job opportunities for instance increased number of companies and people that collect and transport waste
  • It has reduced environmental consequences and
  • Led to growth of economy in the country

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